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THE ICE...COLD...FOUNDERS OF "ALPHA PHI ALPHA"

The Founders of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. were no ordinary achievers. Given racial attitudes on 1906, their accomplishments were monumental. As founder Henry Arthur Callis euphemistically stated-because the half-dozen African- American students at Cornell University during the school year 1904-05 did not not return to campus the following year, the incoming students in 1905-06, in founding Alpha Phi Alpha, were determined to bind themselves together to ensure that each would survive in the racially hostile environment. In coming together, with this simple act, they preceded by decades the emergence of such on-campus programs as affirma- tive action, upward bound and remedial assistance. The students set outstanding examples of scholarship, leadership, and success-preceding the efforts even the NAACP and similiar civil rights organizations.

"FIRST OF ALL, SERVANTS OF ALL, WE SHALL TRANSCEND ALL"


HENRY ARTHUR CALLIS:

Became a practicing physician at Howard University, Professor of Medicine and prolific contributor to medical journals. Often regarded as the "philosopher of the founders" as a moving force in the Fraternity's development, he was the only one of the "Cornell Seven" to become General President. Prior to moving to Washington, D.C., he was a medical consultant to the Veterans Hospital in Tuskegee, Alabama. Upon his death in 1974, at age 87, the Fraternity entered a time without any living Jewels. His papers were donated to Howard's Moorland- Spingarn Research Center.


CHARLES HENRY CHAPMAN:

Entered higher education and eventually became Professor of Agriculture at what is now Florida A&M University. A uni- versity funeral was held with considerable Fraternity par- ticipation when he died in 1934. Described as "a Brother beloved in the bonds," Chapman was a founder of FAMU'S Beta Nu Chapter. During the organizational stages of Alpha Chapter, he was the first chairman of the Committees on Initiation and Organization.


EUGENE KINCKLE JONES:

Became the first Executive Secretary of the National Urban League. His 20-year tenure with the Urban League thus far has exceeded those of all his successors in office. A versatile leader, he organized the first three Fraternity Chapters that branched out from Cornell-Beta at Howard, Gamma at Virginia Union and the original Gamma at the Uni- versity of Toronto in Canada. In addition to becoming Alpha Chapter's second President and joining with Callis in creating the Fraternity name, Jones was a member of the first Com- mittees on Constitution and Organization and helped write the Fraternity ritual. Jones also has the distinction of being on of the first initiates, as well as an original founder. His status as a founder was not only finally established until 1952. He died in 1954.


GEORGE BIDDLE KELLEY:

Became the first African-American engineer registered in the state of New York. Not only was he the strongest proponent of the Fraternity idea among the organization's founders, the civil engineering student also became Alpha Chapters's first President. In addition, he served on committees that worked out the handshake and ritual. Kelley was popular with the Brotherhood. He resided in Troy, New York and was active with Beta Pi Lambda Chapter in Albany. He died in 1963.


NATHANIEL ALLISON MURRAY:

Pursued graduate work after completing his undergraduate studies at Cornell. He later returned home to Washington, D.C., where he taught in public schools. Much of his career was spent at Armstrong Vocational High School in the district of Columbia. He was a member of Alpha Chapter's first com- mittee on organization of the new fraternal group, as well as the committee on the Grip. The charter member of Washington's Mu Lambda Chapter was a frequent attendee of General Conventions. He died in 1959.


ROBERT HAROLD OGLE:

Entered the career secretarial field and had the unique privilege of serving as a professional staff member to the United States Senate Committee on Appropriations. He was an African-American pioneer in his Capital Hill position. He proposed the Fraternity's colors and was Alpha Chapter's first secretary. Ogle joined Kelley in working out the first ritual and later became a charter member of Washington's Mu Lambda Chapter. He died in 1936.


VERTNER WOODSON TANDY:

Became the state of New York's first registered African- American architect, with offices on Broadway in New York City. The designer of the Fraternity pin holds the distinc- tion of being the first African-American to pass the military commissioning examination and was commissioned First Lieu- tenant in the 15th Infantry of the New York State National Guard. He was Alpha Chapter's first treasurer and took the initiative to incorporate the Fraternity. Among the buildings designed by the highly talented architect is Saint Philip's Episcopal Church in New York City. He died in 1949 at age 64.

 


 


Quotes by the Beloved Jewels

"The chief significance of Alpha Phi Alpha lies in its purpose to stimulate, develop, and cement an intelligent, trained leadership in the unending fight for freedom, equality and fraternity. Our task is endless."
---Jewel Henry Arthur Callis, May 1946

"We must never lose sight of the fact that we must take part in the development, not only of ourselves but of all humanity... I want you to understand that there never was or has been or will be, in the minds of the founders, including myself, the thought of any reward any notice coming to us for this experiment in brotherly cooperation and comradeship, which we initiated and which has developed, not necessarily because of any efforts of ours, into one of the best regarded organizations in the Negro collegiate world."
---Jewel Charles Henry Chapman, 1931

"Alpha Phi Alpha, the oldest of Negro Fraternities, with all of its members presumably far above the average American and having a good practical understanding of the salient factors involved in the Negro's problem, and which a membership upwards of eight thousand men, should be able to take into their hands the leadership in the Negro's struggle for status."
---Jewel Eugene Kinckle Jones, August 1936

"We never founded Alpha Phi Alpha to be a light skinned fraternity or one in which fellows could trace their ancestry back for years and years. We chose Alpha Phi Alpha for men, regardless of family, for what they themselves are doing, what they can do for the future of the fraternity."
---Jewel George Biddle Kelley, December 1933

"To say that your Founders met with discouragement is only putting the matter lightly. I can recall staying up with others as late as three A.M. trying to make some antagonistic brother see a point in argument, only to fail, and tackle the same again the following night."
---Jewel Nathaniel Allison Murray, October 1936

"Never before was it as incumbent upon every members to restate loyalty and exemplify fraternal obligation by consistent life and unimpeachable character. But these must be reinforced by a growing consciousness of the responsibilities that Alpha Phi Alpha faces in the world today, where, if ever the problems which beset us are to be solved and a way of deliverance discovered, it must be by the application of those principles upon which we are founded."
---Jewel Robert Harold Ogle, March 1936

"I went though hell founding this organization and I want something done about these problems. Think of it, we have over a hundred and twenty chapters and I ask what are we doing...We must fight till hell freezes over and then fight on the ice."
---Jewel Vertner Woodson Tandy, December 1937


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